The existing prison in Cork, whose main cell block dates from the early nineteenth century, is no longer fit for purpose. Conditions in the prison are particularly poor, the prison does not have in-cell sanitation, it lacks the basic infrastructure required of a modern prison system and suffers from chronic overcrowding – all of which have been strongly criticised by the Inspector of Prisons and the Council of Europe Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT). The Inspector of Prisons is of the view that the maximum capacity of the prison should be 146 prisoners. However, the prison has typically accommodated 270 or more prisoners – 80% more than its design capacity.
Early in my appointment as Minister, I visited Cork prison and saw first hand the chronic levels of overcrowding and inadequate physical infrastructure. I subsequently instructed the Director General of the Irish Prison Service, Michael Donnellan, to come up with proposals to address these serious issues as a matter of urgency.
A strategy entitled "Unlocking Community Alternatives – a Cork Approach" was submitted to me early in 2012, following which I announced that I would proceed with the implementation of the strategy to address overcrowding and accommodation issues in Cork prison. The Irish Prison Service was given approval to proceed to prepare detailed plans for a new prison in Cork City adjacent to the existing prison on Rathmore Road.
The main purpose of the new prison facility is to replace the substandard prison accommodation in Cork and, in particular, to provide a modern prison facility designed on the principle of rehabilitation and resettlement.
The construction of a new, modern prison in Cork will eliminate the practice of prisoners having to slop out, provide adequate and suitable accommodation for all prisoners in accordance with our national and international obligations and will also provide the infrastructure necessary for the education and rehabilitation of prisoners thus enhancing public safety. Building on the site adjacent to the existing prison will also ensure value for money for the taxpayer.
Deputies and Senators will be aware that the Cork Prison Visiting Committee recently expressed concern in its Annual Report for 2012 about the archaic and Dickensian conditions in some parts of Cork Prison and has welcomed the Government’s commitment to a new prison in Cork.
The day to day design capacity for the new prison complex is approximately 275 spaces for prisoners based on double cell occupancy. The prison will have a peak accommodation capacity for 310 prisoners but that will only be reached in emergency type circumstances. All of the cells will be of a size acceptable to the Inspector of Prisons for double occupancy and all will have integral toilets and showers. I am satisfied that the planned capacity of 275 prisoners is adequate for the needs of the prison’s catchment area.
The development will consist of buildings of a floor area of approximately 15,000 square metres within a site of approximately 2.64 hectares. The buildings will be one, two or three storeys in height. The secure facilities will be bounded by a standard height prison perimeter wall approximately 7.2 metres in height.
Development consent for the proposed new prison development in Cork is being sought under Part 4 of the Prisons Act 2007. Part 4 sets out a special procedure that may be applied for the purpose of determining whether consent should be granted to larger prison developments. The purpose of the 2007 Act was to provide a more open and transparent mechanism for major prison developments under which an environmental impact assessment meeting EU standards must be prepared and where the Houses of the Oireachtas make the decision whether to grant development consent. This is done in the form of a resolution, which we are discussing today, which must be then confirmed by an Act. The confirming legislation can only be published after the resolution has been passed because the dates of passing of the resolution must be included in the text of the Bill.
The initial stages of the process have already been progressed. On 30 June 2012, I issued a direction under section 18 of the Prisons Act 2007 that Part 4 of the Act is to apply to the proposed construction of a prison on a portion of the site used as Cork prison.
The Director General of the Irish Prison Service appointed the Sweett Group to carry out the environmental impact assessment. The environmental impact assessment was laid before both Houses of the Oireachtas on 8 November 2012. On that date, public notice was given of the proposed prison development, the environmental impact assessment and visual representations of the proposed development were made available to the public and observations and submissions were invited. The Prisons Act 2007 provides for a six-week consultation period.
A rapporteur, Mr James Farrelly, was appointed to prepare a report identifying the main issues raised and summarising the submissions and observations received. The report of the rapporteur has been laid before the Houses of the Oireachtas and published. The purpose of the report of the rapporteur is to identify those who have made submissions, identify the main issues raised and to provide a summary of the submissions and observations received. There is no provision for the rapporteur to comment on the validity or otherwise of submissions made nor is there any provision for him to make any recommendations.
Twelve submissions, including a detailed submission from Cork City Council, and several petitions were received as part of the public consultation process, which raised a number of issues and concerns about the proposed development.
To facilitate the Houses of the Oireachtas in their consideration of the matter, the Minister must lay before the Houses a document stating the location, purpose and size of the development, its land use requirements and an estimate of any residues and emissions expected; an environmental impact assessment, visual representations of the exterior of the development, and the report of the rapporteur.
I took the opportunity to lay a document, in accordance with section 26(3) of the 2007 Act, setting out my observations on the environmental impact assessment and the rapporteur’s report.
Moving from the background documentation to the proposed resolution, which is to be considered by the joint committee, the resolution is the consent required for the Cork prison development to proceed. It is, in layperson’s terms, the planning permission for the prison. It follows the format prescribed by section 26 of the Prisons Act 2007, including the requirement to list the main measures taken to avoid, reduce or offset any possible significant adverse effects of the development on the environment. It also details an alteration to the original proposals that I have made in response to concerns expressed during the public consultation process and also sets out the conditions that are to be complied with in the construction of the prison.
Before turning to the details of the issues being addressed, I repeat that while the resolution is the planning permission, it must still be confirmed by an Act of the Oireachtas before it takes effect. If the necessary resolution is passed, I will introduce a two section Bill to confirm that resolution and give it statutory effect.
A fundamental principle of the design and location of the prison has been to minimise and mitigate the impact of the development. The environmental impact assessment goes into considerable detail on the mitigation measures proposed to minimise adverse impact on local residents. The public consultation process and the rapporteur’s report identified specific concerns on the part of local residents. In so far as is practicable, further measures are being taken to address these concerns.
Visually conditioned concrete with a light-coloured finish will be used on the sections of the perimeter wall most visible to the public. In order to address a specific concern raised during the public consultation regarding the impact on residential property adjacent to the proposed development, I propose to alter the development, in accordance with section 25 of the Prisons Act 2007, by providing for the reduction of the height of the perimeter wall around the horticultural area at the northern end of the site to approximately 5.2 metres. This alteration is set out in the resolution.
The Irish Prison Service will draw up a Good Neighbour policy which will provide a framework under which the concerns of local residents during the construction phase can be fully dealt with. The Irish Prison Service Project Manager will act as liaison officer and will set up a local consultation group to address any issues that arise during the construction period.
A Construction Environmental Management Plan will be drawn up by the principal contractor and approved by the Irish Prison Service and implemented in keeping with best practice. The implementation of a traffic management plan will form a key part of the Construction Environmental Management Plan. The contractor and the Irish Prison Service will liaise closely with An Garda Síochána, Cork City Council and other interested parties in preparing a traffic management plan that will minimise the impact of construction traffic on local residents and businesses. It is expected that there will be no increase in vehicular or pedestrian traffic once the new prison is operational.
As regards security issues, the existing prison is the only closed prison in the State that does not have a prison standard perimeter security wall. As the new prison will have such a wall and will also have an outer "cordon sanitaire" secured by a 2.5 metre fence, security risks will be significantly reduced. The need to prevent drugs or contraband being thrown into the prison from outside was carefully considered in the design of the prison and informed the positioning of perimeter blocks, wall and building heights and distances of recreational yards from points outside the building.
As regards privacy issues, the CCTV system will be restricted to ensure that it is not used in a manner that facilitates viewing into residential property. In addition, obscured glazing will be used in all windows overlooking neighbouring residential property.
In order to mitigate noise pollution and dust during the construction of the prison, the perimeter wall will be constructed before construction of the prison buildings begins. Extensive noise, vibration and dust monitoring will be undertaken during construction. An extensive professional programme of vermin eradication will be undertaken on the site and its environs in the weeks immediately before the commencement of the works.
As regards local infrastructure and services, the Irish Prison Service and the selected contractor will engage fully in discussions on drainage and water supply with Cork City Council at detailed design stage. Sustainable Urban Drainage Design System principles will be applied to the site.
As there is an urgent need to proceed with the project because of the chronic overcrowding and inadequate conditions in Cork prison, I am anxious for the resolution to be passed by both Houses before the summer recess so that tendering for the construction of the new prison can proceed.